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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
R. Ichiki, K. Hayashi, T. Kaneko, R. Hatakeyama (19P09)
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 2 | February 2007 | Pages 241-243
Technical Paper | Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1362
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The collisionless electron drift wave instability in a plasma involving sheared magnetic-field-aligned positive-ion flow and negative ion species has been experimentally investigated. Surveying wide ranges of the shear strength and of the negative ion exchange fraction, which was first made possible by our new apparatus mounted in a Q machine, reveals detailed characteristics of the instability. The kinetic dispersion relation suggests that the wave observed for positive shear is the current-driven shear-modified drift wave. However, for negative shear the wave exhibits peculiar behavior which cannot be directly interpreted by the linear local theory. We also found that negative ions tend to stabilize the instability.