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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Advanced reactors: Now comes the hard part
Designing a reactor is complicated but building one may be harder. Even companies that have had lots of practice haven’t always done it well. And all the power reactors in service today were built by companies that had years of experience in other kinds of big steam-electric power plants. In contrast, some of the creative new designs now moving toward commercialization come from start-ups that have never built anything at all. How should they prepare?
W. Horton, J. Pratt, H. L. Berk, M. Hirata (17R05)
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 2 | February 2007 | Pages 23-28
Technical Paper | Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1307
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The tandem mirror remains an attractive magnetic confinement geometry for fusion. The absence of toroidal curvature and relatively weak internal plasma parallel current gives the system strongly favorable stability and transport properties. Recent GAMMA-10 experiments demonstrate that sheared plasma rotation suppresses turbulent radial losses. Total energy confinement times calculated for the GAMMA-10 are found to be significantly larger than the corresponding empirical confinement times in toroidal devices. The tandem mirror appears to have a qualitatively different form of drift wave radial transport from that in toroidal devices.