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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
G. Motojima, H. Okada, K. Y. Watanabe, Y. Nakamura, F. Sano, K. Nagasaki, T. Mizuuchi, S. Kobayashi, K. Kondo, S. Yamamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Hanatani, Y. Torii, M. Kaneko, H. Arimoto, H. Yamazaki, S. Watanabe, T. Tsuji, H. Nakamura, H. Kitagawa, H. Yabutani, S. Fujikawa, M. Uno
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 1 | January 2007 | Pages 122-128
Technical Paper | Stellarators | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1293
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Toroidal current has been studied in electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and ECH + neutral beam injection (NBI) plasmas on Heliotron J by controlling the bumpy field component. In the ECH plasma with high density, the toroidal current increases from 0.3 to 1.5 kA when B04/B00 is increased from 0.01 to 0.15, where B04 and B00 are the bumpy field and the uniform field components, respectively. The observed toroidal current is qualitatively in good agreement with neoclassical calculation results without radial electric field except for a low bumpy configuration case at low density. If the radial electric field is responsible for the deviation in the low bumpiness case, the central electric potential is estimated to be ~3 to 5 kV. The dependence of the net toroidal current on the bumpiness has also been observed in the ECH + NBI plasma. An estimation of the Ohkawa current has been attempted.