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Fusion Science and Technology
Ohio Senate votes to repeal nuclear plant subsidies
After months of unsuccessful efforts by Ohio lawmakers to contend with the fallout from H.B. 6—the now-infamous nuclear subsidies bill signed into law in 2019—the state’s senate on March 3 passed a measure, S.B. 44, to repeal those subsidies. The vote was 32–0.
For those who may need reminding, federal prosecutors on July 21, 2020, arrested Larry Householder, then speaker of the Ohio House, and four lobbyists and political consultants for their involvement in an alleged $61 million corruption and racketeering scheme aimed at guaranteeing passage of H.B. 6, whose subsidies had kept Ohio’s Davis-Besse and Perry nuclear power plants from premature closure.
H.B. 6 established a seven-year program to charge the state’s electricity consumers fees to support payments of about $150 million annually to the plants’ operator, Energy Harbor Corporation, then known as FirstEnergy Solutions (FES). FES had announced in March 2018 that it would be forced to close Davis-Besse and Perry without some form of support from the state. (The payments to Energy Harbor were blocked last December by an Ohio Supreme Court injunction, which complemented an earlier lower court ruling.)
Kenji Tanaka, Clive Michael, Masayuki Yokoyama, Osamu Yamagishi, Kazuo Kawahata, Tokihiko Tokuzawa, Mamoru Shohji, Hiroshi Yamada, Jyunichi Miyazawa, Shigeru Morita, Katsumi Ida, Mikiro Yoshinuma, Kazumichi Narihara, Ichihiro Yamada, Shigeru Inagaki, LHD Experimental Group, Leonid Vyacheslavov, Andrei Sanin, Sadayoshi Murakami, Arimitsu Wakasa
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 1 | January 2007 | Pages 97-111
Technical Paper | Stellarators | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1291
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The characteristics of particle transport in three different magnetic configurations are studied from density modulation experiments in the Large Helical Device (LHD). These three configurations are represented as different magnetic axis positions (Rax) of the vacuum field. Experiments were carried out in a range of different heating powers for each configuration with almost constant density. The experimental values of particle diffusion coefficients (D) and particle convection velocities (V) are compared with neoclassical estimates. The value of D is found to be anomalously large compared to neoclassical values in both the core and edge in all configurations. At low collisionality, this anomaly tends downward. The core convection velocities are comparable with neoclassical estimates. In more-outward-shifted configurations, particle transport is enhanced. The electron temperature and electron temperature gradient are the determinate parameters for D and V, respectively, in each configuration. The effective helical ripple is one of the important parameters for particle transport in the LHD; however, other hidden parameters exist. The role of fluctuations in particle transport is investigated from turbulence measurements using a two-dimensional phase contrast interferometer. Three kinds of fluctuation having different locations, propagation direction, and peak wave number are observed. One of these, which exists in the outermost edge region and propagates in the ion diamagnetic direction in the laboratory frame, plays a possible role in edge anomalous diffusion. The amplitudes of ion diamagnetic fluctuation components are compared with the linear growth rate of the ion temperature gradient mode.