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Fusion Science and Technology
Indiana Senate bill will have state consider SMRs
A new bill in the Indiana state Senate creates guidelines for state regulators to consider small modular reactors should utilities want to build them. Senate Bill 271 was sponsored by Sen. Eric Koch (R., Bedford), chair of the Senate Utilities Committee, and Sen. Blake Doriot (R., Goshen). Supporters of the bill said that SMRs could replace retiring coal plants and would supplement renewables.
The Indy Star reported on January 24 that the utilities committee passed the bill by a vote of eight to two and that it now heads to the full Senate.
A. V. Melnikov, A. Alonso, E. Ascasíbar, R. Balbin, A. A. Chmyga, Yu. N. Dnestrovskij, L. G. Eliseev, T. Estrada, J. M. Fontdecaba, C. Fuentes, J. Guasp, J. Herranz, C. Hidalgo, A. D. Komarov, A. S. Kozachek, L. I. Krupnik, M. Liniers, S. E. Lysenko, K. J. McCarthy, M. A. Ochando, I. Pastor, J. L. De Pablos, M. A. Pedrosa, S. V. Perfilov, S. Ya. Petrov, V. I. Tereshin, TJ-II Team
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 1 | January 2007 | Pages 31-37
Technical Paper | Stellarators | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1284
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The heavy ion beam probe diagnostic is used in the TJ-II stellarator to study directly the plasma electric potential with good spatial (up to 1 cm) and temporal (up to 2 s) resolution. Singly charged heavy ions, Cs+, with energies of up to 125 keV are used to probe the plasma column from the edge to the core. Both electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) and neutral beam injection (NBI)-heated plasmas (PECRH = 200 to 400 kW, PNBI = 200 to 400 kW, ENBI = 28 keV) have been studied.Low-density ECRH [[over bar]n = (0.5 to 1.1) × 1019 m-3] plasmas in TJ-II are characterized by positive plasma potential on the order of 1000 to 400 V. A negative electric potential appears at the edge when the line-averaged density exceeds 0.5 × 1019 m-3. Further density rises are accompanied by a decrease in the core plasma potential, which becomes fully negative for plasma densities [over bar]n 1.5 × 1019 m-3. The NBI plasmas are characterized by a negative electric potential across the whole plasma cross section from the core to the edge. In this case, the absolute value of the central potential is on the order of -500 V. These results show a clear link between plasma potential and density in the TJ-II stellarator.