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Satoshi Fukada, Shigeki Ono, Shigenori Suemori
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 50 | Number 1 | July 2006 | Pages 99-106
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST06-A1225
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The overall mass-transfer process of methane decomposition on Ni surfaces and hydrogen permeation through a Ni tube was experimentally investigated to design a catalytic-permeable Ni tube reactor. This is a basic study of an impurity detritiation system to decompose tritiated methane and continuously recover tritium in a gas mixture exhausted from fusion plasma. The mass-transfer process was comparatively studied under the two conditions of an open Ni tube without any packing and a Ni tube packed with 200-240 mesh Ni particles. Results were discussed in terms of a CH4 decomposition ratio decomp and a H2 permeation ratio perm. The decomp values depended on temperature and were almost independent of the flow rate. The decomp value was correlated to the first-order reaction-rate constant. On the contrary, the perm values were in reverse proportion to the flow rate and were almost independent of temperature. The perm value was related to diffusion through a H2 concentration boundary layer formed in the vicinity of the Ni tube wall. The degradation of catalytic performance due to carbon deposition on Ni was discussed based on our experiments.