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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Kimberly A. DeFriend, Brent F. Espinoza, Arthur Nobile, Jr., Kenneth V. Salazar, Robert D. Day, Norman E. Elliott, Timothy H. Pierce, Joyce E. Elliott, Derek W. Schmidt, Frank Fierro, David Sandoval, Jeff Griego, Adelaida C. Valdez, Michael Droege
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 49 | Number 4 | May 2006 | Pages 701-706
Technical Paper | Target Fabrication | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST06-A1189
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) energy hohlraums are composed of a high-Z material filled with foam. Because of the small pore size and transparency, silica aerogels are used in some ICF targets. The traditional synthesis of silica aerogels require sol-gel polymerization of silicon alkoxide followed by supercritical drying. Some constituents in sol-gel polymerization have been found to contribute to leaching of certain metals at the silica/metal interface. Since the hohlraums are composed of metals, possible chemical reactivity at the silica aerogel and metal hohlraum interface was investigated. The hohlraums studied are aluminum lined with either copper or copper/chromium. Upon initial inspection, the aerogel appeared transparent and uniform, however, closer inspection of the copper wall suggested possible leaching. Alternatively the quality of the aerogel in the copper-chromium hohlraum was very poor with the chromium layer of the hohlraum and some copper completely etched. Control experiments were used to determine the cause of the leaching. When copper is in the presence of sol-gel constituents, Cu2+ ion formed, thus leaching copper from the hohlraum walls. In the presence of chromium, Cr2O72- or CrO42- was identified in solution with the Cu2+, these anions are believed to form copper chromite under the aerogel synthesis procedures utilized.