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Fusion Science and Technology
China on course to lead in nuclear by 2030, says IEA
China will have the world's largest nuclear power fleet within a decade, an International Energy Agency official noted during a session at the High-Level Workshop on Nuclear Power in Clean Energy Transitions, World Nuclear News reported on March 3.
The workshop was held jointly by the IEA and the International Atomic Energy Agency.
The IEA official, Brent Wanner, head of Power Sector Modelling & Analysis for the agency's World Energy Outlook publication, said that as nuclear fleets in the United States, Canada, and Japan reach their original design lifetimes, decisions will have to be made about what will happen after that. Absent license renewals, the contribution of nuclear power could decline substantially in those countries while China’s reactor building program will boost it into the first position.
John Lohr, Y. A. Gorelov, K. Kajiwara, Dan Ponce, R. W. Callis, J. L. Doane, R. L. Ellis, H. J. Grunloh, C. P. Moeller, J. Peavey, R. Prater, J. F. Tooker
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 48 | Number 2 | October 2005 | Pages 1226-1237
Technical Paper | DIII-D Tokamak - Technologies for Next-Step Devices | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST05-A1073
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In the DIII-D electron heating and current drive installation, up to six gyrotron microwave generators in the 1-MW class at pulse lengths up to 5 s have been operated simultaneously. The frequency for all the gyrotrons is 110 GHz, corresponding to the second harmonic of the electron gyrofrequency at 2 T. The peak generated power has been >4 MW with peak injected power slightly greater than 3 MW. The radio frequency (rf) generators are located remotely and are connected to the tokamak by up to 100 m of evacuated circular corrugated waveguide carrying the HE1,1 mode with overall transmission efficiency, including coupling to the waveguide, of up to 75%. Ancillary equipment for polarization control, beam switching, power monitoring, control of launch direction, and system protection has been developed.The system has been used to support a wide variety of physics experiments, including control of magnetohydrodynamic modes, current density profile modifications, basic plasma heating and current drive, transport studies, and rf-assisted start-up. The gyrotron complex is being upgraded by the acquisition of additional tubes with 5- to 10-s pulse length capability.