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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
J. R. Ferron, P. B. Snyder
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 48 | Number 2 | October 2005 | Pages 931-944
Technical Paper | DIII-D Tokamak - Achieving Reactor-Level Plasma Pressure | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST05-A1049
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The experimental and modeling results on H-mode edge-localized mode (ELM) instabilities from the DIII-D tokamak project are reviewed. This work has led to the conclusion that the most common type of ELM, called Type I, is triggered by a coupled peeling-ballooning instability driven by the pressure gradient and current density in the H-mode edge pedestal region. Good agreement is found between theoretically predicted stability boundaries and toroidal mode numbers for this instability and experimental observations of edge pedestal parameters and ELM amplitude and frequency as a function of discharge shape and edge-region collisionality. The range of toroidal mode numbers for which there is access to a second stability regime is shown to play an important role. This model of H-mode edge stability has been used to predict the pedestal parameters for ITER and FIRE.