Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 60 / Number 1 / July 2011 / Pages 233-237
Divertor & High Heat Flux Components / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)
The use of tungsten as a plasma-facing material necessitates a transition joint to the structural material of the primary coolant loop at some location in order to transport the coolant to the heat exchanger. A critical issue in transition joints is the thermal expansion mismatch between materials, which can lead to unacceptably high thermal stresses. Detailed 2D and 3D analyses were performed to study the behavior of a transition from tungsten to ferritic steel (FS) with an intermediate layer of tantalum, located outside of the high heat flux region. This paper describes the results of FEM analyses including primary and secondary stresses under various time-dependent loading conditions such as warm and cold shutdown, and allowing for inelastic behaviors leading to stress relaxation and ratcheting. The results show that the transition joint satisfies the design requirement on maximum accumulated principal strain during operation.