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India’s newest nuclear reactor connects to grid
Unit 4 at Kakrapar nuclear power plant was connected to the grid on February 20, the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) has announced. The 700-MWe pressurized heavy water reactor achieved first criticality on December 17, 2023.
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 2 | February 2022 | Pages 357-363
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.1895407
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In these days, Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is a method that can calculate the radiation dose that occurs in an environment in the most accurate way. The correct measurement of the dose occurring on the patient’s surface is of great importance to estimate the reactions that may occur on the patient’s skin. This importance encouraged us to do this study. The aim of this study is to determine buildup region and surface doses using MC simulation and to compare them with results of the parallel plane ion chamber and Treatment Planning System (TPS) measurements for 6-MV photon beams. Surface doses normalized to the maximum dose for the parallel plane ion chamber, MC simulation, fast photon (FP) algorithm, and collapsed cone convolution superposition (CC) algorithm are 13.6%, 30.28%, 0%, and 27.33%, respectively. The CC algorithm and parallel plane ion chamber measurements are compatible with MC simulation but the FP algorithm has calculated the dose less to a depth of 0.8 cm. Measuring the surface dose and the doses in the buildup region is of great importance in terms of accurately predicting the complications that may occur in the patient’s skin and taking precautions early. Using some methods and correction factors, the surface dose and the doses that may occur in the buildup region can be accurately calculated. It is recommended not to use the FP algorithm for stereotactic body radiation therapy and intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatments, as it cannot calculate doses correctly in the buildup region and surface.