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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Cihang Lu, Zeyun Wu, Sarah Morgan, James Schneider, Mark Anderson, Liangyu Xu, Emilio Baglietto, Matthew Bucknor, Matthew Weathered, Sama Bilbao y Leon
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 10 | October 2020 | Pages 1465-1480
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2020.1719799
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Investigating thermal stratification in the upper plenum of a sodium fast reactor (SFR) is currently a technology gap in SFR safety analysis. Understanding thermal stratification will promote safe operation of the SFR before its commercial deployment. Stratified layers of liquid sodium with a large vertical temperature gradient could be established in the upper plenum of an SFR during a down-power or a loss-of-flow transient. These stratified layers are unstable and could result in uncertainties for the core safety of an SFR. In order to predict the occurrence of the thermal stratification efficiently, we developed a one-dimensional (1-D) transport model to estimate the temperature profile of the ambient fluid in the upper plenum. This model demands much less computational effort than computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes and provides calculations with higher fidelity than historical system-level codes. Two flow conditions were considered separately in the current study depending on if in-vessel components are presented in the upper plenum. For the condition where in-vessel components, specifically the upper internal structure, are presented, we assumed that the impinging sodium was evenly dispersed in the ambient fluid within the distance between the bottom of the in-vessel component and the jet inlet surface. For the condition where no in-vessel components are presented, we assumed that the impinging sodium was evenly dispersed in the ambient fluid within the jet length, which was determined through data-driven trainings. The newly developed 1-D model showed similar performance with the CFD model in both cases. However, due to the assumption of flat profiles of the impinging jet axial dispersion rate, nonnegligible discrepancies between the 1-D prediction and the measured data were observed.