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2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 16–19, 2020
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U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Toshiya Takaki, Michio Murase, Koji Nishida, Raito Goda, Takeyuki Shimamura, Akio Tomiyama
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 3 | March 2020 | Pages 389-400
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2019.1656521
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In our previous study, we measured the void fraction α, pressure gradient dP/dz, and countercurrent flow limitation in a vertical circular pipe (diameter D = 20 mm) under flooding conditions at the square top end and working fluids of air and water to obtain the wall friction factor fw and the interfacial friction factor fi based on the annular flow model. The thickness of the falling liquid film δ obtained from the measured α was relatively well expressed by the correlation for the free-falling film, and the obtained fw was well expressed by the Fanning friction factor f for a circular pipe. Measurements of α in vertical pipes under flooding conditions are few. In this study, therefore, we evaluated α and δ from the measured dP/dz under flooding at the square top end reported by Bharathan et al. with D = 50.8 mm and air-water and by Ilyukhin et al. with D = 20 mm and working fluids of steam and water at pressures of P = 0.6 to 4.1 MPa. As a result, we found that δ obtained from the measured dP/dz and the correlation of fw = f were well correlated in terms of the liquid Reynolds number ReL. The obtained δ was well expressed by the Nusselt’s correlation for the free-falling film in the region of laminar flows, but the obtained δ was larger than the Feind’s correlation for the free-falling film in the region of turbulent flows due to the interfacial friction. We also discussed effects of the diameter and fluid properties on the interfacial friction factor fi.