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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Tony H. Shin, Michael Y. Hua, Matthew J. Marcath, David L. Chichester, Imre Pázsit, Angela Di Fulvio, Shaun D. Clarke, Sara A. Pozzi
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 188 | Number 3 | December 2017 | Pages 246-269
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2017.1354591
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Neutron multiplicity counting (NMC) techniques are widely used for nuclear materials accountability and international safeguards applications to quantitatively evaluate characteristic properties pertaining to fissile material. Mathematical models for NMC moments have been previously derived for systems that use capture-based detectors; however, these models are not applicable when scatter-based detectors are used because of “neutron cross talk.” Neutron cross talk occurs when a single neutron scatters and deposits energy above threshold into multiple detectors causing spurious increase in multiplicity counts; this, in turn, has caused fissile mass to be overestimated when not treated. In this paper, we propose new mathematical models derived from point kinetics to correct for neutron cross-talk effects up to any arbitrary order N, where N denotes the maximum number of counts a single neutron can cause. The new models were used to estimate the fissile mass of plutonium metal and oxide samples with effective 240Pu mass ranging from 2.5 to 250 g. The adequacy of the models was confirmed using simulations of a conceptual scatter-based neutron multiplicity counter (e.g., organic scintillators) using MCNPX v2.7e with the PoliMi fission event generating extension. The fissile mass estimates with no correction for neutron cross-talk events yielded an average relative deviation from the true 240Pueff mass of 55.94% and 84.56% for metal and oxide samples, respectively. When neutron cross-talk events of order N = 2 are included in the model, the fissile mass estimates yielded an average relative deviation of 11.89% for metal and 13.21% for oxide samples. Accounting for neutron cross-talk events of order N = 3 resulted in fissile mass estimates with an average relative deviation of 9.58% and 10.51% for metal and oxide samples, respectively. These mass estimates were compared to a reference case (i.e., no neutron cross-talk effects) that yielded an average relative deviation of 6.81% and 4.77% for metal and oxide samples, respectively. The discrepancy between the estimates from the proposed model and the reference case is attributed to the assumed value of N, which sets a finite upper bound on the order of cross-talk events the model treats (i.e., the model for N = 3 assumes that a neutron will never cause more than three counts).