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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
I. E. Boitsov, S. K. Grishechkin, S. V. Zlatoustovskiy, A. A. Yukhimchuk
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 48 | Number 1 | July-August 2005 | Pages 609-612
Technical Paper | Tritium Science and Technology - Materials Interaction and Permeation | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST05-A999
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The paper presents results of tritium-structural materials interaction modeling by simultaneous exposure to radiogenic helium-3 and hydrogen (both dissolved and external). This method of synergetic effect of radiogenic helium-3 and hydrogen is a radiation-safe technique to study the tritium impact on mechanical properties of structural materials. Applicability of the method is illustrated by technique and research results on the impact of high-pressure hydrogen (80MPa), helium-3 (concentration ~140appm) and their synergetic (hydrogen+3He) effects on mechanical properties of CrNi40MoCuTiAl alloy in temperature range from 20 to 600°C. It has been shown that joint effect of radiogenic helium-3 and hydrogen on mechanical properties of alloy can not be represented as the result of a simple summation of helium and hydrogen embrittlement. Proposed technique of synergetic impact of radiogenic helium-3 and hydrogen allows more correct simulation and investigation in the tritium impact on mechanical properties of materials than individual research in helium or hydrogen embrittlement.