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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
Ming-Jiu Ni, Ramakanth Munipalli, Neil B. Morley, Peter Huang, Mohamed A. Abdou
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 3 | October 2007 | Pages 587-594
Technical Paper | First Wall, Blanket, and Shield | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1552
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A consistent and conservative scheme designed by Ni et al. for the simulation of MHD flows with low magnetic Reynolds number has been implemented into a 3D parallel code of HIMAG based on solving the electrical potential equation. The scheme and code are developed on an unstructured collocated mesh, on which velocity (u), pressure (p), and electrical potential ([variant phi]) are located in the cell center, while current fluxes are located on the cell faces. The calculation of current fluxes is performed using a conservative scheme, which is consistent with the discretization scheme for the solution of electrical potential Poisson equation. The Lorentz force is calculated at cell centers based on a conservative formula or a conservation interpolation of the current density. We validate the numerical methods, and the parallel code by simulating 2D fully developed MHD flows with analytical solutions existed and 3D MHD flows with experimental data available. The validation cases are conducted with Hartmann number from 100 to 104 on rectangular grids and/or unstructured hexahedral and prism grids.