Hanford completes wastewater basin work to support tank waste treatment

October 26, 2021, 3:01PMRadwaste Solutions
An aerial view of Hanford’s Liquid Effluent Retention Facility Basin 44 with its new cover installed. (Photo: DOE)

Record-breaking heat and the vast size of the job did not stop the Department of Energy’s Office of River Protection and its tank operations contractor, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS), from completing a construction project critical to the Hanford Site’s Direct-Feed Low-Activity Waste program for treating radioactive tank waste.

Late last month, WRPS workers finished installing a new 102,000-square-foot floating cover on Basin 44, one of three large wastewater storage basins that make up the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF). LERF stores wastewater generated by Hanford cleanup activities until it is pumped to the nearby Effluent Treatment Facility, where contaminants are removed during processing.

Liquid waste: Basin 44 can hold about 7.8 million gallons of liquid waste—enough to fill about 12 Olympic-sized swimming pools. The original basin cover, installed in 1992, needed to be replaced because of age-related deterioration. WRPS installed new covers on LERF’s two other storage basins in 2017 and 2018. A fourth basin is under construction to increase capacity to store additional effluent from treating tank waste.

“The LERF basins are essential to the Direct-Feed Low-Activity Waste program to treat tank waste,” said Bibek Tamang, LERF program manager. “Hanford’s Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant is expected to transfer an estimated 5.4 million gallons of effluent a year to LERF, while Hanford’s Integrated Disposal Facility will add another 1.2 million gallons annually.”

The Integrated Disposal Facility will receive containers of immobilized low-activity tank waste and has a leachate collection system to collect water from precipitation and dust suppression in holding tanks. The leachate will be transferred periodically to LERF for treatment in the site’s Effluent Treatment Facility.

Workers use a special tool to cut the old cover on Basin 44 at Hanford’s Liquid Effluent Retention Facility, allowing for installation of the new cover. The floating cover was replaced because of age-related deterioration. (Photo: DOE)

The project: To install the new cover on Basin 44, workers welded together prefabricated panels of flexible synthetic material noted for its resistance to chemicals, temperature extremes, and ultraviolet light. The workers attached the cover to tensioning hardware that allows the cover to move as it floats on the surface of the wastewater.

The most challenging part of the replacement project was removing the old, contaminated cover prior to installing the new one. Workers in personal protective equipment cut the old cover in strips using a specially designed tool mounted on a pole.

Hot work: Most of the cover-removal process took place during record-breaking summer heat at the Hanford Site, in Washington state, with 35 days between June and August reaching a maximum temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit or greater. Temperatures in the dark basin climbed as high as 140 degrees. To ensure worker safety, WRPS implemented its heat-stress monitoring program, adjusted personal protective equipment, and began work shifts as early as 2 a.m.

“We took a deliberate, cautious approach to ensure all work was performed safely,” said Gene Roosendaal, WRPS project manager. “We faced a lot of unique challenges on the project, but we got the job done thanks to a team that demonstrated exceptional teamwork and a strong commitment to safety.”

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