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Estimated Limits on Uncontrolled Beam Losses of Heavy Ions for Allowing Hands-On Maintenance at an Exotic Beam Facility Linac

R. M. Ronningen, Georg Bollen, Igor Remec

Nuclear Technology

Volume 168 / Number 3 / December 2009 / Pages 670-675


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The purpose of the study is to obtain estimates of limits on uncontrolled beam losses of heavy ions for allowing hands-on maintenance at a heavy-ion linac for a rare isotope beam facility. Semiempirical formulas are used to estimate dose equivalent rates from activated accelerator components for 1 W/m uncontrolled losses of protons up to 1 GeV. The estimated dose rates after a 100-day irradiation time, 4-h postshutdown cooling time are compared to a hands-on maintenance limit of 1 mSv/h (100 mrem/h) at 30 cm. The transport codes PHITS and MCNP5 and activation code DCHAIN-SP 2001 are used to verify the estimate for proton losses and to obtain limits on heavy-ion beam losses that will satisfy the hands-on maintenance dose rate limit.

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