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Mechanical Properties of Two Improved Eurofer ODS Steels Before and After Low Dose Neutron Irradiation at 300 °C

Enrico Lucon

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 56 / Number 1 / Pages 289-294

July 2009


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Within the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) Long Term Programme activities on Material Research, several versions of EUROFER ODS (Oxide-Dispersion Strengthened) have been produced and characterized. The most promising ones to date are the so-called "2nd generation" ODS (HIPped, hot rolled and thermomechanically treated) and the "EU batch" (produced by Plansee in the form of hot rolled plates and extruded bars). These two materials have been mechanically characterized in the unirradiated condition at SCKCEN in collaboration with other European institutes by means of tensile, impact and fracture toughness tests. The same characterization has been performed at SCKCEN on the two materials after low dose irradiation at 300°C in the BR2 test reactor (1.5-1.7 dpa). The results are compared with available data from early versions of EUROFER ODS and conventional (i.e. non-ODS) EUROFER, unirradiated and irradiated under similar conditions. It is confirmed that even the most advanced ODS steels show higher tensile strength than the base material, but also significantly worse fracture toughness properties. On the other hand, the "EU batch" irradiated to 1.52 dpa shows comparatively limited irradiation sensitivity.

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