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An Enhanced Code for the Safety Analysis of Pool-Type Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors

Kwi Seok Ha, Hae Yong Jeong, Young Min Kwon, Yong Bum Lee, Dohee Hahn, James E. Cahalan, Floyd E. Dunn

Nuclear Technology

Volume 164 / Number 2 / November 2008 / Pages 221-231


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The Super System Code of the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (SSC-K) has been developed for the transient analysis of the Korea Advanced LIquid MEtal Reactor (KALIMER) system. Recently, a detailed three-dimensional (3-D) core thermal-hydraulic model was developed to describe nonuniformities of radial temperature and flow within a subassembly and to decrease the uncertainties in the reactor safety margins during accident situations. The Shutdown Heat Removal Test-17 (SHRT-17) performed in the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) and the postulated unscrammed events for the KALIMER conceptual design have been analyzed using a code system that has coupled a detailed 3-D core thermal-hydraulic model with SSC-K. The coupled code predicted behaviors for the experimental trends for the protected loss-of-flow SHRT-17. The KALIMER-150 design was adopted for a plant application of the same code system. Three events, unprotected transient overpower (UTOP), unprotected loss of flow (ULOF), and unprotected loss of heat sink (ULOHS) were analyzed, and the simulation results were compared to those obtained using another code system that has coupled the Safety Analysis Section SYStem (SASSYS)-1 code with the same detailed 3-D core thermal-hydraulic model. The results, calculated with SSC-K coupled with the detailed 3-D core thermal-hydraulic model showed good agreement with the calculated results of the SASSYS-1 coupled code system for the UTOP and ULOF; however, some discrepancies were shown in the results for the ULOHS. These were found to have occurred because of a difference of the modeling for the decay heat removal system and primary coolant inventory. Through these analyses, the coupled code system was validated in order to be available for the safety analysis of a liquid-metal reactor (LMR) plant.

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