American Nuclear Society

Home / Store / Journals / Electronic Articles / Nuclear Technology / Volume 134 / Number 2

Radioiodine Volatilization in the Presence of Organic Compounds

Fariborz Taghipour, Greg J. Evans

Nuclear Technology

Volume 134 / Number 2 / May 2001 / Pages 208-220


Member Price:$27.00
Member Savings:$3.00

The impact of organic compounds on iodine volatility was investigated under a range of postaccident chemical conditions expected in a reactor containment structure. The rate of production of volatile iodine was evaluated in the presence of 10-3 M concentrations of carbonyl, alkyl halide, and aromatic compounds. A bench-scale apparatus, installed in the irradiation chamber of a Gammacell, was used to measure the rate of iodine volatilization from 10-6 to 10-4 M CsI solutions with pH values from 5 to 9. The results indicated that organic compounds could be classified into groups, based on their distinct effects on iodine volatility. Iodine volatilization increased significantly, up to two orders of magnitude, in the presence of carbonyl compounds and alkyl chlorides, while it decreased in the presence of aromatic compounds. Gas phase speciation indicated that organic iodides dominate the airborne iodine species in the presence of carbonyl compounds and alkyl halides.

Questions or comments about the site? Contact the ANS Webmaster.