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Thermal Design of a Metal Hydride Storage Bed, Permitting Tritium Accountancy to 0.1% Resolution and Repeatability

J. L. Hemmerich

Fusion Science and Technology

Volume 28 / Number 4 / November 1995 / Pages 1732-1737


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Tritium storage beds at the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor are likely to use uranium as a getter material with a total inventory of 150 g T2 at 75% stoichiometric composition of UT3. We propose a storage bed design directly extrapolated from the Joint European Torus uranium beds, which already have a 238U inventory of 4.284 kg. Three alternative approaches to implement calorimetry for in situ tritium inventory accounting are discussed. The favored solution uses a microporous thermal insulation operating in a hydrogen atmosphere. This design is shown to meet all operational and safety requirements. The accuracy of calorimetric assay to ±0.1% requires only the measurement of a temperature difference to ±0.1 K and stabilization of the ambient reference temperature of 300 to ±0.1 K.

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