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Analysis of Deformed Palladium Cathodes Resulting from Heavy Water Electrolysis

Heui Kyeong An, Eue Jin Jeong, Jae Hwa Hong, Youngpak Lee

Fusion Science and Technology

Volume 27 / Number 4 / July 1995 / Pages 408-416


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Earlier experiments suggested that large differences in heat release between the two sides of a palladium electrode coated with gold on one side and manganese oxide on the other cause observed electrode deformation with high-pressure D2 gas loading in an electrolysis-like cell Similar experiments were repeated using heavy water electrolysis. Palladium/titanium coatings on one side and gold coating on the other were made for the preparation of the palladium electrodes. Biaxial bending, partial discoloration, and microcracks of palladium electrodes were observed after 18 days of electrolysis. Analysis of the deformed palladium cathodes was performed. It was discovered that to convert this configuration to a practical energy-producing cell, a coating technique must be found to reduce outward diffusion of deuterium, i.e., to maintain a high D/Pd ratio over longer periods of time.

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