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Studies on Effective Atomic Numbers and Electron Densities in Some Commonly Used Solvents

Ashok Kumar, Sukhpal Singh, Gurmel S. Mudahar, Kulwant Singh Thind

Nuclear Science and Engineering

Volume 155 / Number 1 / January 2007 / Pages 102-108


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The effective atomic numbers and the electron densities of some commonly used solvents, i.e., ethanol, methanol, propanol, butanol, water, toluene, benzene, carbontetrachloride, acetonitrile, chlorobenzene, diethylether, and dioxane at the energies 279, 356, 662, 1173, and 1332 keV were calculated by using the measured mass attenuation coefficients in a well-collimated narrow beam transmission geometry. These values are found to be in good agreement with the theoretical values calculated based on XCOM data.

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