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Canadian Experience with Tritium—The Basis of a New Fusion Project

Thomas S. Drolet, Kam Yuen Wong, Paul J. C. Dinner

Fusion Science and Technology

Volume 5 / Number 1 / January 1984 / Pages 17-29


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Fusion power stations using the deuterium-tritium reaction will have substantial inventories of tritium in the oxide, molecular, and solid (metal hydride) forms. A new Canadian fusion engineering project based on Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) operating experience with deuterium and tritium and plans to extract and concentrate tritium from Ontario Hydro's reactors is described. The aims of this project are to contribute to the international fusion effort by extracting useful existing information and translating that experience for application to fusion, and acting as a technology development agency by funding further research and development (R&D) in project mandate areas. Project R&D activities in each of the following five mandate areas are described: 1. Fuel Systems and Tritium Management Programs 2. Materials Technology Programs 3. Equipment Development Programs (including remote operations) 4. Health and Environmental Program 5. Breeding Blanket Technology Program. Also summarized are health and safety experiences with tritium in the CANDU program and plans for large-scale tritium removal from heavy water moderator and coolant systems.

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