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Numerical Simulation of the Emergency Condenser of the SWR-1000

Eckhard Krepper, Andreas Schaffrath, Attila Aszódi

Nuclear Science and Engineering

Volume 135 / Number 3 / July 2000 / Pages 267-279


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The SWR-1000 is a new innovative boiling water reactor (BWR) concept, which was developed by Siemens AG. This concept is characterized in particular by passive safety systems (e.g., four emergency condensers, four building condensers, eight passive pressure pulse transmitters, and six gravity-driven core-flooding lines). In the framework of the BWR Physics and Thermohydraulic Complementary Action to the European Union BWR Research and Development Cluster, emergency condenser tests were performed by Forschungszentrum Jülich at the NOKO test facility. Posttest calculations with ATHLET are presented, which aim at the determination of the removable power of the emergency condenser and its operation mode. The one-dimensional thermal-hydraulic code ATHLET was extended by the module KONWAR for the calculation of the heat transfer coefficient during condensation in horizontal tubes. In addition, results of conventional finite difference calculations using the code CFX-4 are presented, which investigate the natural convection during the heatup process at the secondary side of the NOKO test facility.

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