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A Description of the Chemistry of Aqueous Solutions of Uranium and Plutonium to 200°C Using Potential-pH Diagrams

Jean Paquette, Robert J. Lemire

Nuclear Science and Engineering

Volume 79 / Number 1 / September 1981 / Pages 26-48


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Potential-pH diagrams are reported for uranium and plutonium in water containing carbonate, chloride, fluoride, phosphate, sodium, and sulfate ions at 25, 100, and 200°C Complexation was considered in deriving the diagrams and the potential-pH relationships were calculated for various total dissolved ion concentrations. The diagrams are used to analyze the general features of the thermodynamic behavior of uranium and plutonium in geological systems and to help identify processes that might be expected to occur in the vicinity of a deep underground vault for nuclear fuel waste.

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