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Modeling of Long Term Effects on Plasma Facing Components for a Fusion Power Reactor

V. Cocilovo, G. Ramogida, E. Visca

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 64 / Number 2 / Pages 230-234

August 2013


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In a fusion power reactor the Plasma Facing Components (PFC) will experience a thermal and neutron irradiation induced creep together with tensile properties degradation and swelling due to neutron irradiation. So the investigation of the long term creep effects on the materials used for the PFC's in a fusion power plant are of vital importance for the design and safe operation of the device. On the other hand the creep behavior study for a given material requires long and expensive test campaigns, repeated on specimens at different levels of neutron irradiation, because of the material parameters variation due to the cumulated irradiation.

In this work we want to investigate if the numerical mechanical simulations employment, according to a proper methodology, could reduce the number of needed creep tests, because this would be a valuable help in defining suitable materials and valid conceptual designs for PFC's. For this reason a method based on the systematic variation of the parameters of the empirical law, e.g. the Norton-Bailey, is outlined. To exemplify it, the behavior of a simplified model is analyzed under thermal and mechanical cyclic loading in a time transient elasto-plastic simulation, including the creep behavior, varying the parameters in the empirical creep law for the material.

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