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Failure Strength Measurements of VPS Tungsten Coatings for HAPL First Wall Armor

Hyoungil Kim, Jaafar El-Awady, Jennifer Quan, Shahram Sharafat, Vijay Gupta, Nasr Ghoniem

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 52 / Number 4 / Pages 875-879

November 2007


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The High Average Power Laser (HAPL) project is pursuing development of an IFE power reactor using a solid first wall chamber. Tungsten has been chosen as the primary candidate armor material protecting the low activation ferritic steel chamber wall structure. The tungsten armor is less than 1-mm thick and is applied by vacuum plasma spraying (VPS). The failure strength of the tungsten-armor is critical, which is measured using a state-of-the-art spallation technology developed at UCLA. A nano-second laser is used to propagate a compression/tension stress wave through the composite layered structure. The tensile strength in the coating is then related to the displacement velocity of the free surface of the tungsten coating. VPS tungsten coated steel samples were tested using the laser spallation technique and coating strengths were evaluated and are reported.

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