Home / Store / Journals / Electronic Articles / Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 52 / Number 2
A. Mueck, Y. Camenen, S. Coda, L. Curchod, T. P. Goodman, H. P. Laqua, A. Pochelon, L. Porte, V. S. Udintsev, F. Volpe, TCV Team
Fusion Science and Technology
Volume 52 / Number 2 / August 2007 / Pages 221-229
Format:electronic copy (download)
Electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) of high-density tokamak plasmas is limited because of reflections of the waves at so-called wave cutoffs. Electron Bernstein wave (EBW) heating (EBWH) via a double mode conversion process from ordinary (O)-mode, launched from the low field side, to extraordinary (X)-mode and finally to Bernstein (B)-mode offers the possibility of overcoming these density limits.In this paper, the O-X mode conversion dependence on the microwave injection angle is demonstrated experimentally. The dependence on the injection angle is studied in high-density plasmas in H-mode, in the presence of magnetohydrodynamic activity, edge-localized modes, and sawteeth. The results of localized heat deposition at an overdense location are presented, demonstrating EBWH for the first time via the O-X-B mode conversion process in a standard aspect-ratio tokamak. The results of global and local power deposition are compared with ray-tracing calculations. Moreover, a temperature increase due to EBWH is observed.Initial EBW emission measurements with a newly installed ECRH reception launcher are presented. The inverse double mode conversion process B-X-O is observed by measuring the emission for several frequencies at an optimum angle.
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