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Thermomechanical Analysis of the Revised U.S. ITER DCLL Test Blanket Module

Aaron T. Aoyama, Shahram Sharafat, Nasr Ghoniem, Mohamad Dagher, Clement Wong

Fusion Science and Technology

Volume 60 / Number 1 / July 2011 / Pages 170-174


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The US Fusion Nuclear Science and Technology program selected the Dual Coolant Lead Lithium (DCLL) concept as the primary Test Blanket Module (TBM) for testing in ITER. The DCLL blanket concept has the potential to be a high-performance DEMO blanket design with a projected thermal efficiency of >40%. Reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAF/M) steel is the structural material, helium is used to cool the first wall and blanket structure, and the self-cooled Pb-17Li breeder is circulated for power conversion and tritium extraction.

The DCLL TBM has undergone major design changes since 2005. We present here the most recent thermo-mechanical analysis of the newly revised DCLL TBM. The analysis described here is aiming to verify the thermo-mechanical response of the DCLL TBM under relevant normal operating conditions as well as during a loss of coolant accident (LOCA).

A full 3-dimensional solid model of the entire DCLL TBM structure was developed, which included FW, top and bottom lids, internal supporting ribs, manifolds, plena, and flexible frame-attachment supports. A coupled thermo-mechanical analysis was performed for both normal- and off-normal operating conditions. Thermal loads included surface heat load, volumetric heating, as well as detailed position- and location dependent heat transfer along all coolant channels. Structural loads incorporated helium coolant pressure loads, self-weight, as well as the weight of the PbLi. Maximum structure temperatures of nearly 560 °C along with a maximum resultant net displacement of more than 10 mm were mapped for normal operating conditions and a number of stress concentration locations were identified. The ITER SDC-IC-1300 criteria were applied to the LOCA analysis results. It is shown that the DCLL TBM exhibits admissible behavior regarding the ITER Design Criteria and that the most recent design modifications did not compromise the structural integrity.

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