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A Decoupling Algorithm for Large Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors

Nafisah Khan, Lixuan Lu

Nuclear Technology

Volume 172 / Number 3 / December 2010 / Pages 278-286


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This paper presents a decoupling algorithm for a large pressurized heavy water reactor to facilitate the design of a decentralized control system. The reactor models are generally high-order systems, which increases the difficulty of designing control systems. A convenient method of model reduction while maintaining the important dynamic characteristics of the process is through decoupling. The new decoupling algorithm proposed in this paper is used to create a decoupled system for decentralized controller design. To demonstrate the performance of this algorithm, a 72nd-order system was decoupled into three partitions, each containing 20, 27, and 25 states. Both a centralized controller based on the original model and decentralized controllers based on the decoupled model are designed. The advantage of the decentralized controller is shown through a fail-safe study.

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