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Gaussian Processes for State Identification in Pressurized Water Reactors

Andreas Ikonomopoulos, Miltiadis Alamaniotis, Stylianos Chatzidakis, Lefteri H. Tsoukalas

Nuclear Technology / Volume 182 / Number 1 / April 2013 / Pages 1-12

Technical Paper / Fission Reactors

A novel machine learning approach for nuclear power plant modeling and state identification is presented together with its test results using data from the Loss-of-Fluid Test experimental facility. The approach exploits Gaussian processes whose principal function is to tackle the temporal problem of forecasting the actual system state in the varying environment of a nuclear reactor facility that undergoes successive overcooling transients. The approach fuses independent Gaussian process expert predictions to provide a single recommendation to the plant operators in a form that is suitable to appear on a decision support system screen. A variety of test cases are developed to explore the validity and relevance of Gaussian processes. The proposed implementation is examined with various predictor variables under different conditions, and the results obtained are in accordance with model expectations.

 
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