Nuclear Science and Engineering / Volume 151 / Number 3 / November 2005 / Pages 274-282
This paper proposes a new acceleration method for neutron transport calculations: the generalized coarse-mesh rebalance (GCMR) method. The GCMR method is a unified scheme of the traditional coarse-mesh rebalance (CMR) and the coarse-mesh finite difference (CMFD) acceleration methods. Namely, by using an appropriate acceleration factor, formulation of the GCMR method becomes identical to that of the CMR or CMFD method. This also indicates that the convergence property of the GCMR method can be controlled by the acceleration factor since the convergence properties of the CMR and CMFD methods are generally different. In order to evaluate the convergence property of the GCMR method, a linearized Fourier analysis was carried out for a one-group homogeneous medium, and the results clarified the relationship between the acceleration factor and the spectral radius. It was also shown that the spectral radius of the GCMR method is smaller than those of the CMR and CMFD methods. Furthermore, the Fourier analysis showed that when an appropriate acceleration factor was used, the spectral radius of the GCMR method did not exceed unity in this study, which was in contrast to the results of the CMR or the CMFD method. Application of the GCMR method to practical calculations will be easy when the CMFD acceleration is already adopted in a transport code. By multiplying a suitable acceleration factor to a coefficient (DFD) of a finite difference formulation, one can improve the numerical instability of the CMFD acceleration method.