Nuclear Science and Engineering / Volume 140 / Number 2 / February 2002 / Pages 181-188
This paper demonstrates that the empirical models developed for subcooled flow boiling in RELAP5/MOD2 at high pressures are not valid for applications at low pressures. Modifications carried out in RELAP5/MOD2 to include better correlations of the interphase heat transfer and mean bubble diameter, and the wall heat flux partition model are shown to yield substantial improvements in the predictions of the axial void fraction distribution. When compared against experimental data covering a wide range of heat fluxes and flow rates, predicted axial void fraction profiles follow closely the measured data. Predictions made by the default subcooled boiling model show, however, an unacceptable margin of error with the experimental data.