Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 56 / Number 1 / July 2009 / Pages 158-162
Tritium, Safety, and Environment / Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1)
The fixed-bed adsorption processusing zeolite has been studied as one of the promising processes for the recovery of tritiated water in the field of nuclear fusion. In H2O-HTO binary systems, the difference in adsorption rate must be considered to obtain the isotopic distribution coefficient of tritiated water adsorbed on zeolite. The static method is probably the best approach to measure the distribution coefficient considering the difference in adsorption rate. In this study, the influence of framework SiO2/Al2O3 ratio ranging from 2.0 to 10.0 and of cations (K+, Na+, Ca2+) on isotopic distribution coefficient of tritiated water adsorbed on faujasite-type zeolite was systematically examined. The isotopic distribution coefficient of tritiated water between water adsorbed on zeolite absorbent was 1.1~1.4. The effect of framework SiO2 to Al2O3 ratio of the X/Y type zeolite on the isotopic distribution coefficient depended on the content of cation in zeolite. The framework SiO2 to Al2O3 ratio of the NaX/NaY zeolite had negligible effect on the isotopic distribution coefficient. The considerable effect of framework SiO2 to Al2O3 ratio was found in the case of KX/KY and CaX/CaY zeolite.