Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 47 / Number 2 / February 2005 / Pages 76-86
Technical Paper / TEXTOR: A Flexible Device
TEXTOR is the Tokamak Experiment for Technology Oriented Research in the field of plasma-wall interaction. The scope includes a detailed analysis of particle and energy exchange between the plasma and the surrounding chamber as well as active measures to optimize the first wall and the plasma boundary region. TEXTOR is a medium-sized tokamak belonging to the class of moderate-field but large-volume devices having a circular cross section of the plasma and an iron core. The plasma major radius is 1.75 m, and the minor radius is 0.47 m. The maximum plasma current is 0.8 MA, the maximum field is 3 T, and the maximum pulse length is 10 s. TEXTOR is fed directly from the 110-kV grid using an installed converter power of ~300 MVA. The inner wall of TEXTOR is equipped with several specially shaped limiters being partly remotely movable. Special design features of TEXTOR are excellent access for diagnostics to domains near the wall, large portholes suitable for implementing methods to control the plasma boundary, facilities to heat the vacuum vessel and the liner, and provisions for exchange of the liner. TEXTOR has been upgraded with auxiliary heating systems (neutral beam injection, radio-frequency heating, and microwave heating of 9 MW in total), a toroidal pumped limiter, an upgraded magnetization coil, and recently the dynamic ergodic divertor (DED). The DED is a novel flexible tool to influence transport parameters at the plasma edge and to study the resulting effects on heat exhaust, edge cooling, impurity screening, plasma confinement, and stability. The number of special features and the flexibility of TEXTOR provide excellent opportunities for important contributions to fusion research.