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Electron Bernstein Wave Heating and Emission in the TCV Tokamak

A. Mueck, Y. Camenen, S. Coda, L. Curchod, T. P. Goodman, H. P. Laqua, A. Pochelon, L. Porte, V. S. Udintsev, F. Volpe, TCV Team

Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 52 / Number 2 / August 2007 / Pages 221-229

Technical Paper / Electron Cyclotron Wave Physics, Technology, and Applications - Part 1 /

Electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) of high-density tokamak plasmas is limited because of reflections of the waves at so-called wave cutoffs. Electron Bernstein wave (EBW) heating (EBWH) via a double mode conversion process from ordinary (O)-mode, launched from the low field side, to extraordinary (X)-mode and finally to Bernstein (B)-mode offers the possibility of overcoming these density limits.

In this paper, the O-X mode conversion dependence on the microwave injection angle is demonstrated experimentally. The dependence on the injection angle is studied in high-density plasmas in H-mode, in the presence of magnetohydrodynamic activity, edge-localized modes, and sawteeth. The results of localized heat deposition at an overdense location are presented, demonstrating EBWH for the first time via the O-X-B mode conversion process in a standard aspect-ratio tokamak. The results of global and local power deposition are compared with ray-tracing calculations. Moreover, a temperature increase due to EBWH is observed.

Initial EBW emission measurements with a newly installed ECRH reception launcher are presented. The inverse double mode conversion process B-X-O is observed by measuring the emission for several frequencies at an optimum angle.

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