Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 59 / Number 1T / January 2011 / Pages 61-66
As the new research plan of Plasma Research Center of the University of Tsukuba, we are planning to start a study of divertor simulation under the closely resemble to actual fusion plasmas environment making an advantage of the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror and to contribute the solution for realizing the divertor in future toroidal systems. In the research plan, the concepts of two divertor devices are introduced. One has an axi-symmetric divertor configuration with separatrix (A-Div.) and the other is a high heat flux divertor simulator by using an end-mirror exit of the large tandem mirror device (E-Div.). Preparative experiments have been successfully started at the end-mirror region of GAMMA 10 and detailed behavior of end-loss particles has been investigated by using newly developed diagnostic instruments. In standard hot-ion mode plasmas (ne0 ~ 2 × 1018 m-3, Ti0 ~ 5 keV), the heat flux density of 0.8 MW/m2 and the particle flux density of 4 × 1022/sm2 were observed at 30 cm downstream of the end-mirror exit on the machine axis. It is confirmed that the heat flux density increases in proportion to the applied RF power. Superimposing the ECH pulse induces a remarkable enhancement of heat flux and a peak value in the net heat flux density of 8 MW/m2 was attained during the ECH injection, which almost comes up to the heat load level of the divertor plate of ITER. Two-dimensional visible image measurement of newly installed target plates using high-speed camera revealed a significant difference in the behavior of visible emission from plasma-material interaction. The above results give a clear prospect of generating the required performance and providing useful information for divertor studies in GAMMA 10.