Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 59 / Number 1T / January 2011 / Pages 31-35
A so called vortex confinement of plasma in axially symmetric mirror device was studied. This recently developed approach enables to significantly reduce transverse particle and heat losses typically caused by MHD instabilities which can be excited in this case. Vortex confinement regime was established by application of different potentials to the radial plasma limiters and end-plates. As a result, the sheared plasma flow at periphery appears which wraps the plasma core. Experiments were carried out on the gas dynamic trap device, where hot ions with a mean energy of Eh [approximately equal] 9 keV and the maximum density of energetic ions nh [approximately equal] 51019m-3 were produced by oblique injection of deuterium or hydrogen neutral beams into a collisional warm plasma with the electron temperature up to 250 eV and density nw [approximately equal] 21019m-3. Local plasma approaching 0.6 was measured. The measured transverse heat losses were considerably smaller than the axial ones. The measured axial losses were found to be in a good agreement with the results of numerical simulations. Recent experimental results support the concept of the neutron source based on the gas dynamic trap.