Fusion Science and Technology / Volume 48 / Number 1 / July/August 2005 / Pages 662-665
Technical Paper / Tritium Science and Technology - Materials Interaction and Permeation
The tritium extraction from the ITER Helium Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) Test Blanket Module purge gas is proposed to be performed in a two steps process: trapping water in a cryogenic Cold Trap, and adsorption of hydrogen isotopes (H2, HT, T2) as well as impurities (N2, O2) in a Cryogenic Molecular Sieve Bed (CMSB) at 77K. A CMSB in a semi-technical scale (one-sixth of the flow rate of the ITER-HCPB) was design and constructed at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. The full capacity of CMSB filled with 20 kg of MS-5A was calculated based on adsorption isotherm data to be 9.4 mol of H2 at partial pressure 120 Pa. The breakthrough tests at flow rates up to 2 Nm3h-1 of He with 110 Pa of H2 conformed with good agreement the adsorption capacity of the CMSB. The mass-transfer zone was found to be relatively narrow (12.5 % of the MS Bed height) allowing to scale up the CMSB to ITER flow rates.